Useful Information and Resources
Click on the heading to download the template letter.
|Age Weighted Pupil Unit (AWPU)||The AWPU is the amount of money that every maintained school receives for each pupil that is on the school roll, whether or not they have SEN. The value of the AWPU varies from one local authority to another and according to the age of the pupils. For primary age pupils the minimum is £2000 per year. For pupils in Key Stages 3 and 4 the minimum is £3000 per year.
|Annual Review||Under the Education Act 1996 local authorities had to carry out a review of every Statement of Special Educational Need at least once every 12 months.
Under the Children and Families Act 2014 local authorities must carry out a review of every EHC plan at least once every 12 months
|Children and Families Act 2014||This law came into force on 1st September 2014. Part 3 of the Act sets out the new law on special educational needs and disability. The Act is supported by the SEND Regulations 2014 and the SEND Code of Practice: 0-25 Years. You can download a copy of the Act at http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2014/6/contents/enacted
|Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG)||CCGs are groups of professionals that work together to commission health services, ensuring there is sufficient capacity contracted to deliver the necessary services to people.
|Direct payment||A payment made directly to a parent or young person to purchase specific services. Under the Children and Families Act 2014 a Direct Payment may be made as part of a Personal Budget so that the parent or young person can buy certain services that are specified in their EHC plan.
Direct payments can only be used for provision provided on the school or college premises if the school or college agree.
|Disagreement resolution||Local authorities must provide independent disagreement resolution to help parents and young people resolve disputes with local authorities, schools, and other settings about SEND duties and provision.
You can find more information on disagreement resolution in the SEND Code of Practice 11.6 to 11.10.
|Early Years Action/Action Plus||This describes the additional or different support for children with SEN given by early years settings under the previous (2001) SEN Code of Practice. This support was for children with SEN who did not have a Statement of Special Educational Need.
|Education Act 1996||Part IV of the Education Act 1996 was the legal framework for SEN. Part 3 of the Children and Families Act 2014 now replaces this legislation. However there is a transition period until 2018. This means, for example, that Statements of Special Educational Need that were in place before 1st September 2014 will continue to have legal force until the child or young person transfers to an EHC plan.
|Education Funding Agency (EFA)||The EFA is the government agency that funds education for learners between the ages of 3 and 19, and those with learning difficulties and disabilities between the ages of 3 and 25.
The EFA allocates funds to local authorities, which then provide the funding for maintained schools. The EFA directly funds academies and free schools.
|EHC Needs Assessment||Local authorities must carry out an EHC needs assessment if a child or young person may need an EHC plan. The assessment is a detailed look at the special educational needs that the child or young person has and what help he or she may need in order to learn.
It is sometimes called a statutory assessment.
You can find out more in the SEND Code of Practice sections 9.45 – 9.52.
|Education Health and Care plan (EHC plan)||An EHC plan describes the special educational needs that a child or young person has and the help that they will be given to meet them. It also includes the health and care provision that is needed. It is a legal document written by the local authority and is used for children and young people who have high support needs.
|First Tier Tribunal (SEN and disability)||The First-tier Tribunal (Special Educational Needs and Disability) is a legal body. The Tribunal hears appeals from parents of children with SEN, and young people with SEN, about EHC needs assessments and EHC plans.
You can find out more at https://www.gov.uk/special-educational-needs-disability-tribunal/overview
|Graduated approach||The SEND Code of Practice says that schools should follow a graduated approach when providing SEN Support. This is based on a cycle of:
You can find out more about the graduated approach in the SEND code of Practice sections 6.44 to 6.56.
|Independent supporter||A person recruited by a voluntary or community sector organisation to help families going through an EHC needs assessment and the process of developing an EHC plan. This person is independent of the local authority and will receive training, including legal training, to enable him or her to provide this support.
|Keyworker||Someone who provides children, young people and parents with a single point of contact to help make sure the support they receive is co-ordinated. A keyworker could be provided directly by a local authority or local health organisation, a school or college, or from a voluntary or private sector body.
|Learning Difficulty Assessment (LDA)||Learning Difficulty Assessments set out what additional learning support a young person needed when continuing their education into some form of post-16 education or training.
From 1September 2014 Learning Difficulty Assessments will be replaced by EHC plans. Local authorities must transfer young people who already have provision as a result of an LDA to the new SEND system by 1 September 2016 if they are staying in further education or training after that date
|Local authority/authorities||Local authorities are administrative offices that provide services within their local areas. There are 152 across England which are education authorities. For more information about local government, see https://www.gov.uk/understand-how-your-council-works/types-of-council
|Local Offer||The Local Offer, published by every local authority, tells you what support is available for children and young people with special educational needs and/or disabilities, and their families. It includes information about education, health and care provision. It also gives information about training, employment and independent living for young people with special educational needs and/or disabilities.
|Local transition plan||Every local authority must publish a plan that explains when and how Statements of Special Educational Need will be transferred to the new system, as well as information for young people in further education and training who receive support as a result of a Learning Difficulties Assessment.
|Mainstream school||This is a school that provides education for all children, whether or not they have special educational needs or disabilities.
|Mediation||Mediation is a type of disagreement resolution. Every local authority must provide independent mediation to help parents and young people resolve disputes with local authorities about:
Mediation must also be provided on the health and social care elements of an EHC plan.
You can find more information on mediation in the SEND Code of Practice 11.13 to 11.38.
|Mediation advice||The purpose of mediation advice is to give information about what mediation involves. Parents or young people who wish to register an appeal with the First Tier Tribunal (SEN and Disability) must first seek mediation advice. The advice must be factual and unbiased. After mediation advice has been given the parent or young person can choose whether they wish to go to mediation.
However it is not necessary to seek mediation advice if the appeal is only about the name of the school, or college named on the plan, the type of provision specified in the plan or the fact that no school or other institution is named.
You can find more information on mediation advice in the SEND Code of Practice 11.21 to 11.25.
|Must||The SEND Code of Practice says in Section i of the Introduction:
…where the text uses the word ‘must’ it refers to a statutory requirement under primary legislation, regulations or case law.
This means that wherever the term ‘must’ is used all the organisations listed in Section iv of the Introduction to the Code have a legal duty to do what the Code says.
|Outcome||Section 9.66 of the SEND Code of Practice says:
An outcome can be defined as the benefit or difference made to an individual as a result of an intervention. It should be personal and not expressed from a service perspective; it should be something that those involved have control and influence over, and while it does not always have to be formal or accredited, it should be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bound (SMART). When an outcome is focused on education or training, it will describe what the expected benefit will be to the individual as a result of the educational or training intervention provided.
|Parent Carer Forum||A Parent Carer Forum is a representative local group of parents and carers of disabled children who work with local authorities, education, health and other providers to make sure the services they plan and deliver meet the needs of disabled children and families. They have been established in most local authority areas. For more information please visit SUPPORT GROUPS PAGE LINK
|Personal Budget||A Personal Budget is money set aside to fund support as part of an Education, Health and Care plan (EHC plan) for a child or young person with special educational needs. It can include funds from Education, Health and Social Care.
Parents of children with an EHC plan and young people with an EHC plan can choose whether or not they wish to have a Personal Budget.
|Reasonable adjustments||Reasonable adjustments are changes schools and other settings are required to make which could include: changes to physical features – for example, creating a ramp so that students can enter a classroom or providing extra support and aids (such as specialist teachers or equipment)
|School Action/Action Plus||This describes the additional or different support for children with SEN given by schools under the previous (2001) SEN Code of Practice. This support was for children with SEN who did not have a Statement of Special Educational Need.
|Schools Forum||Every local authority has a Schools Forum. It made up of representatives from schools and academies, and some representation from other bodies, such as nursery and 14-19 education providers.
The role of the Schools Forum includes looking at the local formula used to fund schools and SEN provision
|Section 139A Learning Difficulty Assessment||See Learning Difficulty Assessment
|SEND Code of Practice||This is the statutory guidance that supports Part 3 of the Children and Families Act 2014.
It tells local authorities, early years settings, schools, colleges, heath and social care providers and others what they must and should do to identify, assess and provide for children and young people with SEN or disabilities.
You can download a full copy of the Code at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/send-code-of-practice-0-to-25
You can download a shorter version for parents at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/send-guide-for-parents-and-carers
|SEN Information Report||All schools must publish on their websites information about their policy and arrangements for supporting children with SEN. This must be kept up to date.
The information that has to be included can be found in Section 6.79 of the SEND Code of Practice.
|SEN support||SEN support includes any help for children and young people with SEN that is additional to or different from the support generally made for other children of the same age.
The purpose of SEN support is to help children achieve the outcomes or learning objectives that have been set for them by the school. Schools should involve parents in this process.
SEN support replaces Early Years Action/Action Plus and School Action/Action Plus.
|SEND Tribunal||See First Tier Tribunal (SEN and disability)
|SEND Pathfinder||SEND Pathfinders were set up in 2011 to test out the reforms the Government were proposing to introduce as part of the Children and Families Act 2014.
You can find more information about the SEND Pathfinders at http://www.sendpathfinder.co.uk
|Should||Should is a word that occurs frequently in the SEND Code of Practice.
Section i of the Introduction to the Code says:
… where the text uses the word ‘should’ it means that the guidance contained in this Code must be considered and that those who must have regard to it will be expected to explain any departure from it.
This means that wherever the term ‘should is used all the organisations listed in Section iv of the Introduction to the Code must consider what the Code says. However they may depart from it.
|Signposting||Sometimes a service that provides information, advice and support may be asked for help that it is not able to give directly.
When this happens the person seeking information, advice or support may signposted to other service providers. This means that they will be given information, including contact details, about other sources of help.
|Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO)||A SENCO is a qualified teacher in a school or maintained nursery school who has responsibility for co-ordinating SEN provision.
Early years settings that are part of group provision arrangements are expected to identify an individual to perform the role of SENCO.
|Statement of Special Educational Need||Under the Education Act 1996 local authorities issued Statements of Special Educational Need for children whose needs could not be met through the provision normally made by schools.
The Children and Families Act 2014 replaces Statements with EHC plans.
Children and young people who already have a Statement will gradually transfer to the new system. Each council publishes a local transition plan to explain how this will happen.
|Statutory guidance||Statutory guidance is guidance that local authorities and other local bodies have a legal duty to follow.
|Transfer review||A transfer review replaces the annual review in the academic year that the child or young person transfers to the new SEND system.
A transfer review involves an EHC needs assessment to decide what outcomes and provision need to be included in the EHC plan. This should include education, health and social care needs.
You, your child or the young person must be invited to a meeting as part of the transfer review.
A transfer review ends when the local authority sends you (or the young person) a copy of the EHC plan, or when it informs you (or the young person) that an EHC plan will not be issued.
Each council publishes a local transition plan to explain how and when transfer reviews for children and young people with Statements of Special Educational Need will happen.
- Children and Families Act 2014
- SEND Code of Practice 2015
- SEND Regulations 2014
- SEN (Personal Budgets) Regulations 2014
- Equality Act 2010
- Reasonable Adjustments for disabled pupils (Guidance for schools in England) 2015
- Exclusion Guidance 2017
- Supporting pupils at school with medical conditions 2015
- Ensuring a good education for children who cannot attend school because of health needs 2013
- Mental Capacity Act 2005
- Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970
- Post-16 transport and travel support to education and training (Statutory guidance for local authorities) January 2019
- Home to school travel and transport guidance (Statutory guidance for local authorities) 2014
- Tribunal Regulations 2017
The Local Offer
The Local Offer includes information about education, health, social care, preparation for adulthood, leisure services and impartial information advice and support. SENDIASS Camden Offer aims to help you find your way through information to reach the best solutions for you/your child.
Who is it for?
The Local Offer is for:
- Children and young people with SEN and/or disabilities from birth to 25.
- Their parents and carers.
- Practitioners and professionals.
What should the Local Offer do?
The Local Offer should:
- Make it easier to find out what you need to know.
- Give you information about what is available.
- Tell you where you can get further information.
Where can I find the Local Offer?
For more information on the Local offer, visit the Local Offer website, which has information, support, and details about local services.
Here is a list of useful contacts, both local and national organisations. Their work relates to SEND education, health and social care matters. To visit the website please click on the name of the organisation.
Cerebra is the national charity helping children with brain conditions and their families discover a better life together.
Citizens Advice Camden provides free, confidential, and independent advice about a range of issues, such as housing, benefits, health and immigration. Their website contains useful information and you can contact their Adviceline to have further discussions to help resolve your problem.
Camden Disability Action is a user-led organisation which aims to promote the equality of deaf and disabled people living or working in Camden.
A national charity for families with disabled children. They support families with the best possible guidance and information. Helping families to campaign, volunteer and fundraise to improve life for themselves and others. They also have a dedicated information and advice helpline on 0808 808 3555.
Everyone needs a little help sometimes. If you’re feeling worried about your child, or you want to make a change in your life, Camden Early Help is here for you, your children and your whole family.
Family Fund is the UK’s largest charity providing grants for disabled children and their families. Last year they provided financial support to over 70,000 families.
Healthwatch Camden is the independent ‘consumer champion’ for health and social care. They were created by the Health & Social Act 2012 to represent the views of patients and the public in our local area.
Healthwatch Camden make sure your views on health and social care services in Camden are heard by those who plan and manage the services.
IPSEA offers independent legally based advice, support and training to help get the right education for children and young people with special educational needs and/or disability.
The Local Offer details the local services available for children and young people 0-25 with SEND. It includes information about education, health and care services, leisure activities and support groups.
KIDS is a charity committed to delivering a consistently high level of service throughout our extensive and diverse range of provision. They offer a wide range of services to children and young people with SEND and their families, including mediation services.
They provide support and information if your child has a physical impairment, learning disability or any other condition.
Special Educational Needs Transport Advocacy Service.
Contact details for the Local Authority SEND Service. SEND is the service for children and young people with special educational needs and/or learning disabilities aged 0 to 25 years. For statutory assessments of children with special educational need (SEN), and Education, Health and Care Plan, and placements of children with special needs.
A national charity which supports parents and young people with SEN Support.
Holistic Outcomes in Education, Health and Care Plans
CDC’s free, self-guided course takes the learner through a series of online modules, covering:
– Outcomes from CYP and family perspectives
– Outcomes from professional perspectives, including writing SMART outcomes
– Legal considerations
– Annual reviews
To find out more and to complete the free e-learning course please click here to visit CDC’s website.